Endovascular treatment offers a lower-risk alternative to open surgery in many patients with multiple comorbidities. Noninvasive physiological tests and arterial imaging precede an endovascular intervention and help localize the disease and plan the procedure.
Balloon angioplasty and stenting are the mainstays of endovascular therapy.
Endovascular therapy is embraced by a wide variety of operators, including interventional cardiologists trained in vascular disease, interventional radiologists, and vascular surgeons trained in endovascular techniques.
Peripheral vascular surgery is the surgical treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). In PAD, the blood vessels leading to the arms and legs are narrowed or clogged, so blood has a hard time getting through. Blood carries oxygen, which is essential for the normal functioning of all the tissues of the human body. If PAD decreases blood flow to your arms or legs, you may experience pain and difficulty with movement. Decreased blood flow to the limbs also increases the risk of tissue death, which may require amputation.
The goals of peripheral artery interventions are to improve circulation, decrease pain, improve limb function, and prevent amputation.